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2012年南师专转本英语基础班教材答案
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时间:2011-10-23 10:47:34 来源:admin

2012年南师专转本英语基础班教材答案
一. 词汇答案
词汇练习1
1-10 CDAAD; BAABD???? 11-20 CBCBA; BBACB
21-30 CDBCC; DABDB???? 31-40 ABCDD; ABABC
词汇练习2
1-10 BCCCD;DABDC??? 11-20 DBCDB;CDDDA
21-30 DCABB;DDAAA?? 31-40 BADDB;BCBCA
词汇练习3
1-10 BDDBA; CBADA???? 11-20 DBDCC; DADBC
21-30AABAA; ADCBB???? 31-40A DADC; CBCAB
词汇练习4
1-10 CACDC; CBAAA???? 11-20 BDCBA; ABCCA
21-30 DDBBD; CAACB??? 31-40 CABBA; AACDD
词汇练习5
1-10 BABCC; BCACB??? ??????? 11-20 DCCAB;CADBD??
21-30 DBCCC;ADCDB?? 31-40 BADCD; DDDDC
词汇练习6(词组短语、固定搭配):
1-10 DCBAC ;BCABC?? 11-20 CDDAC;CDBCD? 、
21-30 CCDAC;CDACA?? 31-40 BAABB;ABCDD
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二. 时态和语态练习答案
1-10 CCDAD; BA ACD???? 11-20 CDDCA; ABBBC
21-30 AAACD; CBCBD
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三.从句练习答案
定语从句:
1-10 BABCB; CDDBD??????? 11-20 DBDAD; CADAB
21-30 DABBC; DBACD?????? 31-40DCDCC; CBCDB
41-50 BCDDD; DDBAD?????? 51-60DDDAA; BDABA
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名词性从句:
1 -10 ABCBA; BBBCD??? 11-20ABCDC; CDDBA
21-30 DCBBA; ADBCD?? 31-40 DDBAC; DABAC
41-50 CDABB; CACBD
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状语从句:
1-10 CDBCC; DDDCC????? 11-20 BBAAA; AABAD
21-30 BADBA; DCACA???? 31-40 DCDBA; DDCCC
41-50 CBCCA; BACCA
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从句综合练习:
1-10 DDDBC; ACACD; 11-20 CDBAA; CDDAD
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四.非谓语动词与独立主格结构答案
1-10 ACCBA; BCBCA? ?????11-20 A ADAB; ACCBC
21-30 BCDBA; CAADD???? 31-40 ACABA; DBDDB
41-50 DAADC; AADBA???? 51-60 AABDC; DDCAC
61-70 BABBD; ABDAC
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五.虚拟语气练习答案
1-10 DCBAB; CABBC?? 11-20 CCCAC; DADAC
21-30 ABDCB; BCCBB? 31-40 CACDB; CCDAC
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六.强调句与倒装句练习答案
1-10 BBDDA; DDBBA ???11-20 BCCDC; CCDCD
21-30 CBAAA; ACBAD ?31-40A?ACAA; ?BABCB
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七.形容词、副词练习答案
1-10 BABDB;DCBCB? ?11-20 BACCA;ADCBA
21-30 CBCDB;CBAAC ?31-40 AABAC;BCDBA
41-45 ABBCC
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八.平行结构答案
1-10: DCACA; AACAA?? 11-20: BCADD; ABBAC
21-28: ABBAB; DBA
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九.主谓一致练习答案
1-10 ADBBD; ADBCB 11-20 CCDAC; BABDC
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十.反意疑问句练习答案
1-10 CABCA ; ACBDB??? 11-20? ACBDA; DBADD??
21-30 CABCD;CBBAC???? 31-40 BCDCA; CACDA
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十一. Keys to vocabulary and structures
Vocabulary and structures 1
1-5 DCADD????? ?6-10 BCCAD? ???11-15 DCCCB? ??16-20 BAABD
21-25 DADAC?? 26-30CDADA??? 31-35 DDDAA??? 36-40 ABACC
Vocabulary and structures 2
l-5 CBABD;???????????? 6-10 BCBCA?? ?????? 11-15 ?CDDAC;??????
16-20 BCADD?????????? 21-25 BCADA;?????? ?????? 26-30 CDABD
Vocabulary and Structures 3
1-10 CCBBC; DDACB? 11-20 CCCAD; DBBAA? 21-30 BAAAC; DCBBA
Vocabulary and Structures 4
1-5 BDCAD? ?????6-10CBBCB?????? ?11-15 AAADC ???16-20AAACA
21-25ADD?CB?? 26-30ADBDA? ????????? 31-35CCADD? ???36-40 BBCAC
Vocabulary and Structures 5
1-5 BBDAC? ??????6-10CABDC ????11-15 BAADA ????16-20ADCDD
21-25 BDACB ???26-30 DCCAD ?31-35 BADBB ????36-40ADBDB
Vocabulary and Structures 6
1-5 ACDBD? 6-10 BACBD? 11-15 BABCD? 16-20 CBCCC
21-25 AABAD 26-30BCBCA 31-35 BBCDA? 36-40CADBA
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Vocabulary and Structures 7
1-10 DABDC; DDACB ??????11-20 BAACB; BCAAA
21-30 DABAD; CDABD? ??31-40 DDACA; BDCCC
Vocabulary and Structures 8:
1-10 ACDBC;DDCBA; ?????11-20 CDBBA; CDBAC
21-30 CBDBA; DCADA;?? 31-40 CCBBC; DDACB
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十二。阅读理解答案:
Passage 1?? DAABD??????????????? Passage 2 ??CCDAD
Passage 3?? BCAAC??????????????? Passage 4 ??DCABB
Passage 5?? CABDB??????? Passage 6?? CBABD
Passage 7 ??ABDCB??????? Passage 8 ??CDBAB
Passage 9 ???BCBCC??????? Passage 10? CABDD
Passage 11? BDCBA??????? Passage 12? DCABD
Passage 13? DDCBC??????? Passage 14? CCBBD
Passage 15? DCBAA??????? Passage 16? BACAD
Passage 17? BDBAC??????? Passage 18 ?DCABB
Passage 19 ?ACBDD??????? Passage 20? ADBDC
Passage 21? BDADC??????? Passage 22? BADCA
Passage 23? CBBAC??????? Passage 24? CCDCA
Passage 25? DADCA??????? Passage 26 ?CBCAD
Passage 27? CADBA???????? Passage 28? CADAB
Passage 29? BCCDA??????? Passage 30? ABCAD
Passage 31? ACBDA ??????????? Passage 32? DBBAC
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十三。完形填空答案
Cloze 1
1-5 BDCCB 6-10 ADACB 11-15 DACBD 16-20 ACBCD
Cloze 2
1-5 ACDAB 6-10 CDCBD 11-15 CAADB 16-20 CBDAC
Cloze 3
1-5 CABCD 6-10 BCCBD 11-15 BADBA 16-20 ABCAD
Cloze 4
1-5 ADABD 6-10 CCABD 11-15 ACDCB 16-20 ADBCA
Cloze 5
1-5 ADCBD 6-10 ABCAB 11-15 DACCA 16-20 BDBAC?
Cloze 6
1-5 CABBA 6-10 CDCDC 11-15 DDBBA 16-20 DCBAC
Cloze7
1-5 DACBA 6-10 CDBAC 11-15 BADCB 16-20 ACBDD
Cloze 8
1-5 CBDBA? 6-10 CADBC ?11-15 DBCAD ?16-20 BACCA
Cloze 9
1-5 BDBCD 6-10 DBABD 11-15 AABAD 16-20 CBACC
Cloze 10
1-5 BDCDC 6-10 BADAA 11-15 BDBCD 16-20 BDDCC
Cloze 11
1-5 BDCAC 6-10 BDCCB 11-15 ADBCD 16-20 BCBDB
Cloze 12
1-5 ADBBC 6-10 DCCBA 11-15 DACDA 16-20 DBBCA
Cloze 13
1-5. ABBDA 6-10.CCDBB 11-15 ABDCD 16-20.DCCAB
Cloze 14
1-5 ABDCA 6-10 CCBBA 11-15 CADDD 16-20 ACBCD
cloze 15
1-5 ACABD 6-10 CBACD 11-15 CADDD 16-20 DBDCB
Cloze 16
1-5 CCADA 6-10 AADBA 11-15 BBCAA 16-20 ADADB
Cloze 17:
1-5 CBABB 6-10 CDBDA 11-15 CBCDB 16-20 BACBD
Cloze 18
1-5 BBCAA 6-10 CDBAB 11-15 ABCDB 16-20 AACDB
Cloze 19
1-5 ABDCC 6-10 DBABC 11-15 DADBB 16-20 CADAC
Cloze20
1-5 DCBBA 6-10 CACBC 11-15 DABAC 16-20 BDADA
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十四。英译汉专项练习参考译文
GROUP 1
1.?????????? 工程学生应该是实践性理性的模范,但谈到我的大学教育,我就是一个空想家和白痴。
2.?????????? 英格兰南海白色悬崖峭壁的腐蚀一直是个问题,不过最近几年变得更为严重了。
3.?????????? 当然,也有许多产品的标签说明恰如其分,但是,很明显,要确保购物者能从标签上充分了解到其购买的产品给环境带来的影响,还有很长的一段路要走。
4.?????????? 研究者记录下了大约2000种声称有环保作用的产品标签说明,发现其中的许多说法十分模糊,具有欺骗性,无法达到国际标准化组织(ISO)的标准。
5.?????????? 还是在早期阶段,福利改革在许多州都被判定为很大的成功,至少在使人民脱离福利方面是这样的。
GROUP 2
1.?????????? 在到达安哥拉的数小时里,全世界的电视屏幕都满是她安抚地雷爆炸受伤者时的形象。
2.?????????? 让政府的处境更糟精的是,媒体很快批露出王妃此次出行是得到了政府外交部同意的,事实上,关于杀伤性地雷,她对政府的方针政策,对安哥拉的形势都很清楚。
3.?????????? 对王妃来说,去这个被战争分裂的国家旅行是利用她的影响,来向世界展示地雷给人们造成的伤害与痛苦的极好的机会。
4.?????????? 对旧时狩猎生活至关重要的智力也得以提高,并派上了新的用场-驯养猎物。
5.?????????? 这种新的活动涉及到古代狩猎的所有步骤,只不过活动的目的不再是为了充饥果腹,而是为了校验运动员们捕杀猎物的技能-这些猎物对他们的生存也不再必不可少。
GROUP 3
1.?????????? 据佛德集团和沃顿学校一项联合调查,商场经理们往往是最后一个听到顾客抱怨的人,而且往往是当他们的顾客决定惠顾他们的竞争对手之后。
2.?????????? 零售商可以重新设计商场的布局,预存销售的商品,雇佣速度快、有经验的结算员,或者随时提供销售代表解答问题,以减轻这些头痛的问题。
3.?????????? 全球变暖是否会成为21世纪重大环境危机?也许会,也许不会。然而,不论是与否,我们对全球变暖都将有甚少作为。
4.?????????? 但真实情况是,我们的知识不足以缓解全球变暖,如果没有重大的技术突破,我们能做的实在不多。
5.?????????? 只有锐意进取的研究和开发项目才有可能找到办法打破或应对我们对石化燃料的依赖。
GROUP 4
1.?????????? 心理学者告诉我们保持界限(距离)有益;在不同阶段、恰当时间让我们的朋友、家庭和爱人了解自己很重要。
2.?????????? 隐私经济学者亚历山德罗阿奎兹用一系列的测试揭示出:人们往往会为了小小的50美分优惠券而将自己的个人信息,如社会安全码(SSN)和盘托出。
3.?????????? 一个开始一年级生活而忐忑不安的小天使的故事就这样很快被我“引导”成了一个充满想象力的一年级女生开始她第一节音乐课的故事。
4.?????????? 由于我对能够使用工具的农场或上一年级的小天使知之甚少,我不得不承认这样的事实:我在借用女儿的经验。
5.?????????? 虽然退后一步对我来说很困难,但这无疑是很好的一步,我还将继续退后足够远,让女儿有成长的空间;同时又足够近,在女儿需要的时候给予帮助。
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十五. 汉译英专项练习参考译文:
GROUP 1
1. He walked down the hill, singing softly to himself.
2. For one thing, these shoes don’t suit you. For another, they are too expensive.
3. If you had worked hard, you would have passed the exam.
4. It’s none of your business whom is Mary engaged to.
5. Having spent some time in the city, he had no trouble (in) finding the/his way to the History Museum.
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GROUP 2
The professor required that we (should) hand in our research reports by Wednesday.
2. The more you explain, the more confused I am.
3. Though a skilled worker, he was fired by his company last week because of economic crisis.
4. Since my childhood I have found that nothing is more attractive to me than reading.
5. It is not easy to adapt oneself to the life/living in different cultures.
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GROUP 3
1. The finding of this study failed to take people’s sleep quality/quality of sleep into account/consideration.
2. The prevention and treatment of AIDS is a field in which we can work together / a field in which we can cooperate.?
3. Because of the leg injury, the athlete decided to quit the match.
4. Not having heard from his parents for a long time, he was very worried about them.
5. Generally speaking, people like to hear compliments from others.
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GROUP 4
1. To get more information, please contact us at the following address.
2. I did not expect to receive such a pretty card from him.
3. I’m sick and tired of the same old routine every day.
4. Please come here at ten tomorrow morning at your convenience/if it is convenient for you.
5. It took me years of hard work to speak good English.
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GROUP 5
1. It is high time we stopped talking about this silly question.
2. It didn’t take long before he got used to life abroad.
3. It is said that the young artist will come to our city soon.
4. It was not until yesterday that I got/ received your letter.
5. It would be wonderful if we can get together on Christmas.
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GROUP 6
1. He would have given you more help, but he has been so busy.
2. I will go fishing instead of having lessons.
3. Thanks to the practice of reform and opening policy, the life of Chinese people has greatly improved.
4. On no account/ By no means/ In no case can we ignore the value of knowledge.
5. Deeply moved by the boy’s deeds, they decided to pay for his education.
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GROUP 7
1. There is no doubt that the thief jumped into the room from the balcony in the second floor.
2. In my opinion, playing video games not only wastes time but also does harm to health.
3. We have reasons to believe that we would have a better and brighter future.
4. According to a recent survey, four million people die of diseases linked to smoking each year.
5. I suppose boys think differently from girls.
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GROUP 8
1. But for mobile phone, our communication would not have been so efficient and convenient.
2. If you had followed my advice/suggestions, you would not have been in trouble.
3. I wish you would go with us tomorrow.
4. If only I could speak several foreign languages.
5. He insisted that a seat should be booked in advance.
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GROUP 9
1. They did their best to help the sick and the wounded.
2. With the development of industries and businesses developing quickly, the number of trees in many big cities has dramatically reduced.
3. It is well known that natural light is actually made of many colors.
狗万 是不是万博狗万全名是什么狗万 客服4. I prefer shopping on line to shopping in a department store because the former / shopping online is more convenient and effective (time-saving) (can save more time).
5. To our delight, she adapted (herself) to campus life a month after entering college.
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GROUP 10
1. He complained that no sooner had he started the machine than it stopped working.
2. I needn’t have put on my best suit to go to the party.
3. It is necessary for us to have a good night’s sleep before the test.
4. This is the first time that I heard “Happy Birthday to you” sung in Italian.
5. He introduced me to his students, most of whom are English majors.
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